Myanmar’s Human Rights Crisis: In Freefall with Insufficient International Attention

By USCRI February 29, 2024

Myanmar has long faced political uncertainty and turmoil. But the humanitarian crisis compounded in February 2021, when Myanmar’s military, the Tatmadaw, carried out a coup against the government—detaining civilian leaders, naming replacement ministers, and declaring a one-year state of emergency. Pro-democracy protests in major cities were met with force as the Tatmadaw immediately cracked down on protesters, activists, and journalists. Military leaders defended their actions, citing accusations of voting irregularities during the election that observers have largely rejected.

The coup worsened displacement trends in a country that had already been the source of one of the most serious refugee crises in the world. Since 2021, thousands have fled their homes as the Tatmadaw clashes with ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) and other resistance groups, such as the allied People’s Defense Forces. This is in addition to the1.1 million Rohingya who remain in refugee camps across the border in Bangladesh since the influx of 2017.

More than 2.6 million individuals are internally displaced in Myanmar, with over 2.3 million of those being displaced since the coup in 2021. In addition to displacement, the people of Myanmar face inadequate living conditions, barriers to accessing humanitarian aid, food insecurity, and safety concerns. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimates that there are 18.6 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection, nearly 6 million of whom are children.

Click here to read the report.


USCRI, founded in 1911, is a non-governmental, not-for-profit international organization committed to working on behalf of refugees and immigrants and their transition to a dignified life.

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